Yoko Iyeiri, Negative Constructions in Middle English (Kyushu University Press, 2001)

中英語期(1100年頃~1500年頃)に大きな変化をとげた否定構文

スコットランドのセント・アンドルーズ大学に提出した博士論文をもとに、更にその後の研究結果を加えて一冊の本に仕上げたものです。博士論文では、中英語(1100年頃から1500年頃の英語)の韻文作品における否定構文の変遷を扱いました。本書は、その後の研究で扱った中英語期の散文作品についての考察も含まれています。

中英語期の否定構文の大きな変化の流れについては第2章で、否定構文の選択が統語条件によって大きく変わってくる点については、第5章で詳しく扱いました。一つの文中で互いに打ち消し合うことのない否定語が複数現れる多重否定も中英語では重要な現象です。多重否定については、第6章で扱いました。

ISBN: 4-87378-694-0
7,000円

目次

INTRODUCTION

1.1. The aim of the present book
1.2. Previous research into English negative constructions with special reference to ME
1.3. Texts examined

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF ME NEGATIVE CONSTRUCTIONS

2.1. Negative elements
2.2. Chronological and geographical development of negative adverbs ne and not
2.3. Development of negative clauses with never, no, etc.
2.4. Negative clauses which include negative conjunctions only

SYNTACTIC VARIETIES OF NEGATION

3.1. Word order concerning the adverb ne
3.2. The adverb not preceding the finite verb
3.3. The adverb not which does not directly follow the finite verb

NEGATIVE CONSTRUCTIONS AND THE NATURE OF THE FINITE VERB

4.1. Negative constructions and forms of be, have, will, and witen
4.2. Negative constructions and modal auxiliary verbs
4.3. Negative constructions and contracted verbs

NEGATIVE CONSTRUCTIONS AND SYNTACTIC CONDITIONS

5.1. Preliminary remarks
5.2. Negative interrogative clauses
5.3. Conditional clauses
5.4. That-clauses dependent upon a negative clause
5.5. That-clauses dependent upon douten ‘to doubt’, forbeden ‘to forbid’, etc.
5.6. Expletive negation after certain conjunctions
5.7. Clauses with forms of witen followed by an interrogative
5.8. Some other syntactic conditions related to the use of the adverb ne
5.9. Imperative and optative clauses
5.10. Clauses in which the finite verb immediately follows the conjunction ne
5.11. Declarative clauses in which the verb precedes the subject
5.12. Figurative negation
5.13. Existential clauses
5.14. Some idiomatic expressions

MULTIPLE NEGATION

6.1. Some preliminary remarks on multiple negation
6.2. Historical overview of single and multiple negation in ME
6.3. Multiple negation with the negative adverb ne (Type 1)
6.4. Multiple negation with conjunctive ne/nor (Type 2)
6.5. Multiple negation with the combination of not, neither, never, no, etc. (Type 3)
6.6. Multiple negation with neither
6.7. Decline of multiple negation and the development of and and or
6.8. Decline of multiple negation and the development of any, ever, etc.

NEGATIVE CONTRACTION

7.1. Some preliminary remarks on negative contraction
7.2. Dialectal distribution of negative contraction in ME
7.3. Geographical versus chronological conditions
7.4. Negative contraction and syntactic conditions

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS

Appendix
Bibliography
Index